Skip to main content

Linking process to outcome in Functional Analytic Psychotherapy: Evaluating the behavioral mechanism of change of a process-based therapy (Pages 102-111)

Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science (JCBS)

Volume 24, April 2022, Pages 102-111


Amanda M. Muñoz-Martínez, Cory E. Stanton, Janice D. Ta, Ali M. Molaie, William C. Follette


Process-based therapy has received attention in recent years and seeks to advance our understanding of mechanisms of change in behavioral health interventions. A process-to-outcome research approach was employed to examine the mechanism of change and treatment effects of Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP). A non-concurrent multiple baseline design was conducted with three clients who endorsed psychological distress and interpersonal difficulties. FAP's mechanism of change was tested with a lag sequential analysis. Statistical analysis for single-case designs was performed to assess between and within-participant treatment outcomes. High contingent and consistent reinforcement were associated with clinical changes in treatment outcomes. Therapeutic relationship factors such as therapeutic alliance and therapeutic relationship intimacy did not show moderation effects on treatment variables. Limitations and recommendations for improving reliability are discussed. The relations of treatment outcomes and FAP implementation are summarized. Finally, we discuss the relevance of process-to-outcome research for improving clinical science.

This article is restricted to ACBS members. Please join or login with your ACBS account.