Validation of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire-8 in an Australian pain clinic sample

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APA Citation: 

Baranoff, J., Hanrahan, S. J., Kapur, D., & Connor, J. P. (2014). Validation of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire-8 in an Australian pain clinic sample. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 21(1), 177-185.

Publication Topic: 
CBS: Empirical
Publication Type: 
Article
Language: 
English
Keyword(s): 
Chronic pain, Acceptance, Short form, Psychometric properties
Abstract: 

Background

Recently, an 8-item short-form version of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ-8) was developed predominantly in an internet sample. Further investigation of the factor structure in a multidisciplinary pain clinic sample is required. Investigation of the concurrent validity of the CPAQ-8 after accounting for the effects of variables commonly measured in the pain clinic setting is also necessary.

Purpose

This study examines the factor structure and concurrent validity of the CPAQ-8 in a sample of treatment-seeking patients who attended a multidisciplinary pain clinic.

Methods

Participants were 334 patients who attended an Australian multidisciplinary pain service. Participants completed the CPAQ, a demographic questionnaire, and measures of patient adjustment and functioning.

Results

Confirmatory factor analysis identified a two-factor 8-item model consisting of Activity Engagement and Pain Willingness factors (SRMR = 0.039, RMSEA = 0.063, CFI = 0.973, TLI = 0.960) was superior to both the CPAQ and CPAQ with an item removed. The CPAQ and CPAQ-8 total scores were highly correlated (r = 0.93). After accounting for pain intensity, the CPAQ-8 was a significant predictor of depression, anxiety, stress, and disability. The subscales of the CPAQ-8 were both unique contributors to depression and disability in regression analyses, after accounting for pain intensity and kinesiophobia, and after accounting for pain intensity and catastrophizing.

Conclusions

The CPAQ-8 has a sound factor structure and similar psychometric properties to the CPAQ; it may have clinical utility as a measure of pain acceptance in treatment-seeking, chronic pain patients.