Perspective-Taking Measured by Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP)

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APA Citation: 

Barbero-Rubio, A., López-López, J. C., Luciano, C., & Eisenbeck, N. (2016). Perspective-Taking Measured by Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP). The Psychological Record, 1-10.

Publication Topic: 
Behavior Analysis: Empirical
CBS: Empirical
Education: Empirical
RFT: Empirical
Publication Type: 
Relational frame theory (RFT) IRAP Deictic framing Perspective taking Quasi-experiment design

The current study aimed to design a preliminary implicit relational assessment procedure (IRAP) to measure the increased complexity and the flexibility in perspective taking (PT). Undergraduate students (N = 35) from a Spanish university completed a PT scale and a PT task (deictic relational task; DRT) that involved trials with different complexity (reversed and double reversed). Then, participants were asked to complete an IRAP to assess the level of complexity and flexibility involved in perspective-taking framing. Results showed that the IRAP captured the differences, on the one hand, in relational complexity when the participants were asked to respond saying Yes or No to their own perspective and, on the other hand, in relational flexibility when they were asked to change their own perspective. In addition, the IRAP effect correlated with high deictic ability as measured by the DRT (mainly in double-reversed trials). These findings suggest that the IRAP as designed in the present study seems to be a good indicator of complexity and flexibility in PT.

The new version of IRAP to measure perspective-taking is already published!. Our lab has made a remarkable effort to analyse the complexity and flexibility involved in the deictic framing through the IRAP procedure. This paper is the first of this type of analysis and it seems that it is possible to explicitly measure different levels of complexity, in this case in regard PT. Therefore, the use of this novel interpretation of the IRAP has permitted to go into the analysis of the different types of PT that has been claimed (simple, reversed and double-reversed). We hope that this study will open a promising line of inquiry.