The role of self-compassion and control belief about learning in university students' self-efficacy


Davood Manavipour, Yasser Saeedian


This study was conducted to investigate the prediction of self-efficacy on the basis of self-compassion and control belief about learning. Participants included 216 university students, who were selected by multistage cluster-random sampling method. The measures of this study were the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), Control Belief about Learning, and Self-Efficacy subscales of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ). Stepwise multiple regression revealed that while control belief about learning and mindfulness predicted self-efficacy positively, over-identification predicted self-efficacy negatively. Moreover, control belief about learning provided the largest contribution to predict self-efficacy. Correlations revealed that whilst self-kindness, common humanity, mindfulness, and control belief about learning correlated positively with self-efficacy, isolation and over-identification associated negatively with self-efficacy. Surprisingly, control belief about learning not only correlated positively with self-kindness, but also related positively to self-judgment. We postulated that a cultural difference such as self-improvement motivation, which is common in interdependent cultures, may contribute to the positive relationship between self-judgment and control belief about learning. Finally, the limitations and implications of these findings were also discussed.

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