Functioning in the face of racism: Preliminary findings on the buffering role of values clarification in a Black American sample

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APA Citation: 

West, L. M., Graham, J. R., & Roemer, L. (2013). Functioning in the face of racism: Preliminary findings on the buffering role of values clarification in a Black American sample. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 2, 1-8.

Publication Topic: 
ACT: Empirical
Publication Type: 
Article
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

It is important to determine factors that may buffer the negative psychological consequences of perceived racial discrimination in a Black American sample. One potential factor is attention to and clarification of what is meaningfu lfor the individual (i.e., values clarification). Fourteen Black American participants were recruited from a larger study where they had endorsed having experienced racism- related stress in response to experiences of perceived racial discrimination from service providers, in addition to inclusion criteria. Participants were randomly assigned to a values clarification (N=7) or control condition(N=7) and were presented with a racism-related stimulus before and after the experimental manipulation. The effects of values clarification onself-reported distress, positive, and negative affect was measured. Condition assignment had a marginally significant effect on overall subjective units of distress with a large effect size.Medium-sized effects were found on overall positive emotional responses and over all negative emotional responses. If a larger sample size supports the trends revealed in this study, it would indicate that values clarification can help buffer the negative psychological impact of perceived racial discrimination for Black Americans.

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