Bricker et al, 2010

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APA Citation: 

Bricker, J. B., Mann, S. L., Marek, P. M., Liu, J. M., & Peterson, A. V. (2010). Telephone-delivered acceptance and commitment therapy for adult smoking cessation: A feasibility study. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 12, 454-458.

Publication Topic: 
ACT: Empirical
Publication Type: 
real-world, abstinence, mediators, HIV/AIDS, quitline, smokers, trial

Background: Quitline smoking cessation counseling results in a mere 12% success rate. Testing of new telephone-delivered cessation counseling approaches is needed.

Objective: Determine the feasibility of the first telephone-delivered Acceptance and Commitment Therapy ( ACT) intervention for smoking cessation.

Design: Fourteen adults (57% racial/ethnic minority, 8/14) in a single-arm study. Counselor proactively delivered a 5-session (90-min total) ACT telephone intervention for smoking cessation. Hypothesized ACT processes were self-reported at baseline and posttreatment. Smoking status was self-reported at baseline, 20-day posttreatment (93% retention, 13/14), and 12-month posttreatment (93% retention, 13/14).

Results: (a) Delivery length and duration: average of 3.5 calls and 81.9-min intervention duration. (b) Receptivity: 100% (14/14) felt respected by the counselor, 86% (12/14) said that intervention was a good fit, and 93% (13/14) said that intervention helped them quit. (c) ACT processes: (i) acceptance of physical cravings, emotions, and thoughts that cue smoking increased from baseline to posttreatment (p =.001, p =.038, and p =.085, respectively) and (ii) commitment to quitting increased from baseline to posttreatment (p =.01). (4) Intent-to-treat cessation outcomes: (i) at 20-day posttreatment, 43% (6/14) had not smoked the day of the survey and 29% (4/14) had not smoked in past 7 days and (ii) at 12-month posttreatment, 29% (4/14) had not smoked at all in past 12 months. These quit rates are over double the 12% quit rates of current standard telephone counseling.

Conclusion: Telephone-delivered ACT shows promise for smoking cessation and warrants future testing in a well-powered randomized trial.