Acceptance and commitment therapy universal prevention program for adolescents: a feasibility study

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APA Citation: 

Burckhardt, R., Manicavasagar, V., Batterham, P., Hadzi-Pavlovic, D., & Shand, F. (2017). Acceptance and commitment therapy universal prevention program for adolescents: A feasibility study. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 11 doi:10.1186/s13034-017-0164-5

Publication Topic: 
ACT: Empirical
Publication Type: 
Article
Language: 
English
Keyword(s): 
Acceptance and commitment therapy; Adolescent; Early-intervention; Mindfulness; School; Prevention
Abstract: 

Background: There is a need to prevent anxiety and depression in young people and mindfulness contains important emotion regulation strategies. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), a mindfulness-based therapy, has yet to be evaluated as a prevention program, but has demonstrated an ability to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression in adult and adolescent populations. This study examines the feasibility of using an ACT-based prevention program in a sample of year 10 (aged 14–16 years) high school students from Sydney, Australia.
Methods: Participants were allocated to either their usual classes or to the ACT-based intervention. Participants were followed for a period of 5 months post-intervention and completed the Flourishing Scale, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, and a program evaluation questionnaire. Analyses were completed using intention-to-treat mixed models for repeated measures.
Results: The results indicated that the intervention was acceptable to students and feasible to administer in a school setting. There were no statistically signifcant diferences between the conditions, likely due to the small sample size (N = 48). However, between-group effect sizes demonstrated small to large diferences for baseline to post-intervention mean scores and medium to large diferences for baseline to follow-up mean scores, all favouring the ACT-based condition.
Conclusion: The results suggest that an ACT-based school program has potential as a universal prevention program and merits further investigation in a larger trial.