Abramowitz, Blakey, Reuman, & Buchholz. 2018

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APA Citation: 

Abramowitz, J. S., Blakey, S. M., Reuman, L., & Buchholz, J. L. (2018). New Directions in the Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of OCD: Theory, Research, and Practice. Behavior Therapy, 49(3), 311-322. doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2017.09.002

Publication Topic: 
ACT: Conceptual
Publication Type: 
OCD, CBT, exposure and response prevention, inhibitory learning, ACT

The beneficial effects of cognitive-behavioral interventions (particularly exposure and response prevention) for OCD are among the most consistent research findings in the mental health literature. Nevertheless, even after an adequate trial, many individuals experience residual symptoms, and others never receive adequate treatment due to limited access. These and other issues have prompted clinicians and researchers to search for ways to improve the conceptual and practical aspects of existing treatment approaches, as well as look for augmentation strategies. In the present article, we review a number of recent developments and new directions in the psychological treatment of OCD, including (a) the application of inhibitory learning approaches to exposure therapy, (b) the development of acceptance-based approaches, (c) involvement of caregivers (partners and parents) in treatment, (d) pharmacological cognitive enhancement of exposure therapy, and (e) the use of technology to disseminate effective treatment. We focus on both the conceptual/scientific and practical aspects of these topics so that clinicians and researchers alike can assess their relative merits and disadvantages.