A prospective analysis of acceptance and values in patients with chronic pain.

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APA Citation: 

McCracken, L. M., & Vowles, K. E. (2008). A prospective analysis of acceptance and values in patients with chronic pain. Health Psychology, 27, 215-220.

Publication Topic: 
ACT: Empirical
Publication Type: 
Article
Language: 
English
Keyword(s): 
Chronic pain; Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy; Acceptance; Values
Abstract: 

Objective: Acceptance of pain and values-based action appear important in the emotional, physical, and social functioning of individuals with chronic pain. The purpose of the current study was to prospectively investigate these combined processes.

Method: One hundred fifteen patients attending an assessment and treatment course for chronic pain in the UK completed a standard set of measures on two occasions separated by an average of 18.5 weeks.

Results: Correlation analyses showed that acceptance of pain and values-based action measured at Time 1 were significantly correlated with pain, pain-related distress, pain-related anxiety and avoidance, depression, depression-related interference with functioning, and physical and psychosocial disability measured at Time 2. Multiple regression analyses, in which pain and relevant patient background variables were controlled, showed that the combined acceptance and values measures accounted for between 6.5% and 27.0% of variance in six key measures of patient functioning later in time.

Conclusion: These results support the importance of acceptance and values-related processes in relation to chronic pain. These results also encourage continued applications of a functional contextual model of psychopathology, the model underlying Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and related approaches such as Contextual Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy.

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