The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) as a response-time and event-related-potentials methodology

Printer-friendly version
APA Citation: 

Barnes-Holmes, D., Hayden, E., Barnes-Holmes, Y., & Stewart, I. (2008). The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) as a response-time and event-related-potentials methodology for testing natural verbal relations: A preliminary study. The Psychological Record, 58, 497-516.

Publication Topic: 
Behavior Analysis: Empirical
Other Third-Wave Therapies: Empirical
Publication Type: 
Article
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

The current article reports the first attempt to test the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP), as a group-based measure of natural verbal relations, using both response-latency and event-related potentials as dependent variables. On each trial of the IRAP, participants were presented with one of two attribute stimuli (“Pleasant” or “Unpleasant”), a positive (e.g., “Love”) or negative (e.g., “Murder”) target stimulus, and two relational terms, “Similar” and “Opposite,” as response options. Participants were required to respond as quickly and accurately as possible across blocks of trials, with half of the blocks requiring responses that were deemed consistent (e.g., Pleasant – Love – Similar), and the other half inconsistent (e.g., Pleasant – Love – Opposite), with natural verbal relations. Shorter mean latencies were predicted for consistent relative to inconsistent blocks. Two separate experiments supported this prediction. Event-related potentials, gathered during the second experiment, also proved to be sensitive to the IRAP, yielding more negative waveforms for inconsistent relative to consistent blocks of trials. A theoretical interpretation of the IRAP effect is offered and important directions for future
research are highlighted.

This page contains attachments restricted to ACBS members. Please join or login with your ACBS account.