Leader, Barnes-Holmes, & Smeets, 2000

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APA Citation: 

Leader, G., Barnes-Holmes, D., & Smeets, P. M. (2000). Establishing equivalence relations using a respondent-type procedure III. The Psychological Record, 50, 63-78.

Publication Topic: 
RFT: Empirical
Publication Type: 
respondent type training procedure; emergent conditional discriminations; equivalence

The authors (researchers at the National University of Ireland, University of Ulster, and Leiden University) conducted a study in which 12, 5-year-old normal functioning children were exposed to a respondent-type training procedure and tested for emergent conditional discriminations. During respondent-type training, arbitrary stimuli were presented in pairs, one at a time, using a table-top procedure. On a given trial, for example, the arbitrary stimulus A1 was presented on an observation card for I s, followed by the arbitrary stimulus B1 presented on another observation card for 1 s (represented as A1 arrow right B1). Emergent conditional discriminations were tested using a standard matching-to-sample procedure. The study demonstrated that respondent-type training is an effective means of generating equivalence classes with young children. Results also showed that it is possible to extend an equivalence.

Similar to the study above but with young children as subjects.
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